The political theory of socialism, which gave rise to ­communism,
had been around for hundreds of years by the time a
German philosopher named Karl Marx put pen to paper.

Marx, also known as the father of communism,
spent most of his life in exile in Great Britain and France.
He wrote the Communist Manifesto in 1848, which later served as
the inspiration for the formation of the Communist Party.
Communism is also known as “Marxism. Marx believed that a
truly utopian society must be classless and stateless.
(It should be noted that Marx died well before any of his theories were put to the test.)
Marx’s main idea was simple:
Free the lower class from poverty and give the poor a fighting chance.
Phase 1: A revolution must take place in order to overthrow the existing government.
Marx emphasized the nee­d for total destruction of the existing system in order to
move on to Phase 2.
Phase 2: A dictator or elite leader (or leaders) must gain absolute control over the proletariat.
During this phase, the new government exerts absolute control over the common
citizen’s personal choices — including his or her education ( if we need 100 busdrivers
it is stupid to educate 10000), religion (if the religion are against human rights it will
be forbidden ) and employment . Collectivization of property and wealth must also
take place.
Phase 3: Achievement of utopia. This phase has never been attained because it requires
that all non-communists be destroyed in order for the Communist Party to achieve
supreme equality. In a Marxist utopia, everyone would happily share property and
wealth, free from the restrictions that class-based systems require.
The government would control all means of production so that the one-class
system would remain constant, with no possibility of any middle class citizens
rising back to the top. the major social and economic problems we face today
can only be resolved by putting an end to capitalism and establishing socialism;
to achieve socialism, the working class and its allies must take political, economic
and state power out of the hands of the capitalist class; decisive advances
towards socialism can only be achieved by mobilising the mass of the people in
support of an intermediate alternative economic and political strategy which aims
at securing full employment, a general improvement in living standards, a wide expansion
of democracy and a genuine policy for peace.

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